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Vietnam Information

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VIETNAM OVERVIEW

 

Location

  

 

Vietnam is located on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea, referred to as the East Sea. Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam.  With a population of over 86 million, Vietnam is the 13th most populous country in the world.

History


The history of Vietnam begins around 2,700 years ago. Successive dynasties based in China ruled Vietnam directly for most of the period from 207 BC until 938 when Vietnam regained its independence .Vietnam remained a tributary state to its larger neighbor China for much of its history but repelled invasions by the Chinese as well as three invasions by the Mongols between 1255 and 1285. Successive dynasties flourished along with geographic and political expansion deeper into Southeast Asia, until it was colonized by the French in the mid-19th century. Efforts to resist the French eventually led to their expulsion from the country in the mid-20th century, leaving a nation divided politically into two countries.

However, rather than peaceful reunification, partition led to the Vietnam War. During this time, the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union supported the North while the United States supported the South. After millions of Vietnamese deaths, the war ended with the fall of SaiGon to the North in April 1975. In 1986, Vietnam changed its economic policy and began reforms of the private sector similar to those in China. Since the mid-1980s, Vietnam has enjoyed substantial economic growth and some reduction in political repression, though reports of corruption have also risen.

By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with most nations. Its economic growth had been among the highest in the world in the past decade. These efforts resulted in Vietnam joining the World Trade Organization in 2007.

Geography

 

Vietnam is a country of tropical lowlands, hills, and densely forested highlands, with level land covering no more than 20% of the area. The country is divided into the highlands and the Red River Delta in the north; and the Giai Truong Son (Central mountains, or the Chaîne Annamitique, sometimes referred to simply as "the Chaine."), the coastal lowlands, and the Mekong River Delta in the south.
The delta of the Red River is a flat, triangular region of 15,000 square kilometers, is smaller but more intensely developed and more densely populated than the Mekong River Delta.

The Red River, rising in China's Yunnan province, is about 1,200 kilometers long. Its two main tributaries, the Lo river and the Da river, contribute to its high water volume, which averages 4,300 cubic meters per second. The entire delta region, backed by the steep rises of the forested highlands, is no more than three meters above sea level, and much of it is one meter or less. The area is subject to frequent flooding; at some places the high-water mark of floods is fourteen meters above the surrounding countryside. For centuries flood control has been an integral part of the delta's culture and economy. An extensive system of dikes and canals has been built to contain the Red River and to irrigate the rich rice-growing delta.

The highlands and mountain plateaus in the north and northwest are inhabited mainly by tribal minority groups. The Truong Son mountain range (Annamite Range) originates in the Tibetan and Yunnan regions of southwest China and forms Vietnam's border with Laos and Cambodia. It terminates in the Mekong River Delta north of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon).

These central mountains, which have several high plateaus, are irregular in elevation and form. The northern section is narrow and very rugged; the country's highest peak, Fansipan, rises to 3,142 meters in the extreme northwest. The southern portion has numerous spurs that divide the narrow coastal strip into a series of compartments. For centuries these topographical features not only rendered north-south communication difficult but also formed an effective natural barrier for the containment of the people living in the Mekong basin.

Central Highlands is a plateau within the southern portion of Vietnam. It has 51,800 square kilometers of rugged mountain peaks, extensive forests, and rich soil. Comprising 5 relatively flat plateaus of basalt soil spread over the provinces of Daklak, GiaLai, and KonTum.

The narrow, flat coastal lowlands extend from south of the Red River Delta to the Mekong River basin. On the landward side, the Giai Truong Son rises precipitously above the coast, its spurs jutting into the sea at several places. Generally the coastal strip is fertile and rice is cultivated intensively.

The Mekong Delta, covering about 40,000 square kilometers, is a low-level plain not more than three meters above sea level at any point and criss-crossed by a maze of canals and rivers

The Mekong, which is 4,220 kilometers long, is one of the 12 great rivers of the world. From its source in the Tibetan plateau, it flows through the Tibetan and Yunnan regions of China, forms the boundary between Laos and Myanmar as well as between Laos and Thailand. At PhnomPenh it merges with the Tonle Sap and divides into two branches - the Song Hau Giang (known as the Bassac River on the Cambodian side) and the Song Tien Giang - and continues through Cambodia and the Mekong basin before draining into the South China Sea through nine mouths known as the Cuu Long (nine dragons)

Weather and Climate


Vietnam has a tropical monsoon climate, with humidity averaging 84 % throughout the year. However, because of differences in latitude and the marked variety of topographical relief, the climate tends to vary considerably from place to place. During the winter or dry season, extending roughly from November to April, the monsoon winds usually blow from the northeast along the China coast and across the Gulf of Tonkin, picking up considerable moisture; consequently the winter season in most parts of the country is dry only by comparison with the rainy or summer season. During the southwesterly summer monsoon, occurring from May to October, the heated air of the Gobi Desert rises, far to the north, inducing moist air to flow inland from the sea and deposit heavy rainfall.

Annual rainfall is substantial in all regions and torrential in some, ranging from 1,200 to 3,000 millimeters (47.2 to 118.1 in). Nearly 90 % of the precipitation occurs during the summer. The average annual temperature is generally higher in the plains than in the mountains and plateaus. Temperatures range from a low of 5 °C (41 °F) in December and January, the coolest months, to more than 37 °C (98.6 °F) in April, the hottest month. Seasonal divisions are more clearly marked in the northern half than in the southern half of the country, where, except in some of the highlands, seasonal temperatures vary only a few degrees, usually in the 21–28 °C (69.8–82.4 °F) range.

Because of its geography, the climate in Vietnam varies greatly from north to south.

During the north monsoon, northern Vietnam has cloudy days with occasional light rain, while southern Vietnam tends to be dry and sunny.
Temperatures are high all year round for southern and central Vietnam; but northern Vietnam has a definite cooler season as the north monsoon occasionally advects cold air in from China. Frost and some snow may occur on the highest mountains in the north for a few days a year. In the southern Vietnam, the lowlands are sheltered from outbreaks of colder northerly air and the dry season is warm to hot with much sunshine.

Northern Vietnam
Summer in the north is from May to October where temperatures are in the mid 30° with occasional heavy rains. In the winter, temperatures average in the low teens from December to March. February and March can be damp with drizzling rain and overcast sky.

Central Vietnam
Weather patterns in this region can vary due to the Truong Son mountain range situated in the northwestern part of the country. Nha Trang has periods of rain from November to December. While Da Lat, located in the interior, is cooler than the coastal regions from November to March. Da Nang and Hue may experience some typhoon activity from mid October to mid December when it is cooler, overcast and drizzly.

Southern Vietnam
The south is hot year round and has a wet and dry season. The wet season is from May to October where there are daily downpours that are brief and predictable. Considering that temperatures average in the low 30° (Celsius), rain showers can be a blessing in disguise and provide relief to the sweltering heat. The dry season from November to April is generally sunny and humid and can be uncomfortable if no precautions are taken for sun protection.

People


At present there are 54 different ethnic groups inhabiting Vietnam, in which Kinh (Viet) people make up nearly 90% of the whole population, and 53 other ethnic groups represent over 10%.

The Vietnamese nation was formed through a process of two major ancient cultures, the Chinese and the Indian. Thus a peculiar trait of Vietnam's culture was formed. As far as anthropology is concerned the Vietnamese people have their origin in the Mongolid race, believed to be one of the major or races of the world and often found in northern and eastern Asia.

54 different ethnic groups inhabiting Vietnam can divide eight different groups by the Vietnamese language:

- The Viet - Muong Group includes 4 ethnic groups: Chut, Kinh, Muong, Tho.
- The Tay - Thai Group includes 8 ethnic groups: Bo Y, Giay, Lao, Lu, Nung, San Chay, Tay, Thai.
- The Mon - Khmer Group includes 21 ethnic groups: Ba Na, Brau, Bru-Van Kieu, Cho Ro, Co, Co Ho, Co Tu, Gie Trieng, Hre, Khang, Khmer, Kho
   Mu, Ma, Mang, M'nong, O Du, Ro Mam, Ta Oi, Xinh Mun, Xo Dang, Xtieng.
- The Mong - Dao Group includes 3 groups: Dao, Mong, Pa Then.
- The Kadai Group includes 4 ethnic groups: Co Lao, La Chi, La Ha, Pu Peo.
- The Nam Dao Group includes 5 ethnic groups: Cham, Chu Ru, Ede, Gia Rai, Raglai.
- The Han Group includes 3 ethnic groups: Hoa, Ngai, San Diu.
- The Tang Group includes 6 ethnic groups: Cong, Ha Nhi, La Hu, Lo Lo, Phu La, Si La.

In the core of the history of national development, all these groups of people have been closely attached to one another in sharing the same tasks of fighting against foreign invaders, defending the country's territory, gaining the right to live and the right to national independence and self-determination. Each group of ethnic people have developed their own language and identity, thus making the Vietnamese culture, long known for its variety, a well blended combination of different cultures.


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WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN VIETNAM


There are 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in northern and central Vietnam, and 2 Intangible World Heritages. Following is some basic information:


UNESCO WORLD NATURAL HERITAGE SITES

1/  Ha Long Bay in Quang Ninh province - (recognized in December 1994)

Ha Long Bay is made of 1,969 islands of various sizes, 989 of which have been given names. There are 2 kinds of islands, limestone and schist, which are concentrated in 2 main zones: the South East (belonging to Bai Tu Long Bay) and the South West (belonging to Ha Long Bay). This densely concentrated zone of stone islands, world famous for its spectacular scenery of grottoes and caves. 

2/ Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park in Quang Binh province - (recognized in July 2003)

Phong Nha - Ke Bang national park (200,000 ha) is one of the world's two largest limestone regions which includes beautiful limestone formations, grottoes and caves.

Phong Nha caves (over 30 caves and total discovered length of 100km) has the longest underground rivers, the largest caverns and passageways, the widest and prettiest sand banks, and the most astonishing rock formations in the world.

 

UNESCO WORLD CULTURAL HERITAGE SITES

3/ Hue Imprerial City in central Vietnam (recognized in December 1993)

Hue served as Vietnam's political capital from 1802 to 1945 under the 13 emperors of the Nguyen Dynasty. Hue's attractions are the splendid toms of the Nguyen emperors, several notable pagodas and the remains of the Imperial Citadel.

4/ Hoi An Ancient Town - 30km south of Da Nang city (recognized in December 1999)

The ancient town of Hoi An used to be occupied by early western traders and became one of the major trading centers of South East Asia in the 16th century. It has a distinct Chinese atmosphere with low, tile-roofed houses made of wood and narrow streets. 

5/ My Son Sanctuary - 69km southwest of Da Nang city (recognized in December 1999)

My Son used to be an imperial city during the Cham dynasty from the 4th to the 12th centuries. It is a large complex of religious relics that comprises more than 70 architectural towers of red brick which were built to reflect the divinity of the king.

 

INTANGIBLE HERITAGES (Unesco Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritages of Humanity)

6/ The royal music in Hue - (recognized in November 2003).

7/ The Gong (Cong Chieng) in the Central Highlands - (recognized in November 2005).

 
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VISA

 

Tourist visas

Vietnamese entry visa is required for all foreigners wishing to visit Vietnam except citizens of countries having visa exemption inclusion in bilateral consular agreements with Vietnam.
 
They are valid up to a 30 days. The application process takes approximately four to five working days. It is also possible to request an express visa, for which an additional fee will be charged.

If you plan to stay longer and travel in and out of Vietnam during that time, apply for a three-month multiple entry visa. 


Business visas

They are valid either for three or for six months and allow several entries, as well as the right to work and study in Vietnam. To get a business visa, the traveler has to ask his Vietnamese partner to apply for an entry clearance at the responsible authority in Vietnam. In case of a permission the authority will inform the Vietnamese representative, who accordingly will fax the traveling person a reference number for the leave to enter. Subsequently, he may send it to the embassy along with the application.


Visa upon arrival

In case you are on a multi-destination trip and decide spontaneously to enter Vietnam, you can obtain a visa at the moment of your arrival. This type of visa is only available at the immigration office of international airports. Within 24 hours,  you can receive a quite cheap tourist visa, which is is valid for up to 30 days and can be extended easily. You can either settle the stamp fee (US$ 25) at the immigration office, or pay a travel agent in advance. He can also organize the Approval Letter from the Viet Nam Immigration Department in Hanoi. After three to four working days you will receive a copy by fax or email.

 

 
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Foreign Embassies & Consulates in Vietnam


International Airline Offices in Vietnam

 

VIETNAM AIRLINES
Hanoi: 25 Trang Thi St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3832 0320; Fax: (84 4) 6270 0244
Ho Chi Minh City: 116 Nguyen Hue St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3832 0320; Fax: (84 8) 3848 6945.
AMERICAN AIRLINES
AEROFLOT
Hanoi: 99 Ba Trieu St., Hai Ba Trung District,
Tel: (84-4) 3933 0330; Fax: (84-4) 3733 3337
Ho Chi Minh City: 69 Ba huyen Thanh Quan St., Dist.3,
Tel: (84 8) 3933 0330; Fax: (84-8) 3933 0633
Hanoi: Daewoo Hotel, 360 Kim Ma St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3771 8742 / 3771 8718 / 3771 8522 / 3771 8742; Fax: (84 4) 3771 8512
Ho Chi Minh City: 4G Le Loi St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 3489; Fax: (84 8) 3829 0076
AIR FRANCE
ALL NIPPON AIRWAYS
Hanoi: 01 Ba Trieu, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3825 3484
Ho Chi Minh City: 130 Dong Khoi, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 0981
Hanoi: 25 Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3934 7239
Ho Chi Minh City: 115 Nguyen Hue St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3821 9612
ASIANA AIRLINES
LAUDA AIRLINES
Hanoi: Daewoo hotel, 360 Kim Ma St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3771 4094
Ho Chi Minh City: 34 Le Duan St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3822 2710; Fax: (84 8) 3829 3038
Ho Chi Minh City: 09 Dong Khoi St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 38297 117
BRITISH AIRWAYS
CATHAY PACIFIC
Hanoi: 25 Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3934 7239
Ho Chi Minh City:
170-172 Nam Ky Khoi Nghia St,
Tel:
(84 8) 3930 2933
Hanoi: 49 Hai Ba Trung St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel: (84 4) 3826 7298
Ho Chi Minh City: 58 Dong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3822 3203 / 3822 2679 / 3825 8276
CHINA AIRLINES
CHINA SOUTHERN AIRLINES
Hanoi: 18 Tran Hung Dao St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3824 2688 / 3933 0165 / 3933 2688
Ho Chi Minh City: 132-134 Dong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3825 1388
Hanoi: 360 Kim Ma St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3771 6611; (84 4) 3771 6616
Ho Chi Minh City: 21-23 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3824 6470
CZECH AIRLINES
CAMBODIA AIRLINES
Hanoi: 329 Giang Vo St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel: (84 4) 3514 1852
Ho Chi Minh City: 343 Le Van Sy St, Tan Binh District,
Tel:
(84 8) 3844 0126
JAPAN AIRLINES
KOREAN AIRLINES
Hanoi: 63 Ly Thai To St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3826 6693
Ho Chi Minh City: 49 Truong Son St, Tan Binh District,
Tel:
(84 8) 3848 5146 / 3848 5140
Hanoi: 25 Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3934 7247 / 48
Ho Chi Minh City: 34 Le Duan St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3824 2877 / 3824 2878 / 3824 2879
EVA AIRWAYS
KLM ROYAL DUTCH AIRLINES
Ho Chi Minh City: 32 Ngo Duc Ke St,
Tel:
(84 8) 3822 4488 / 3822 4482 / 3822 4483 / 3822 4484
Ho Chi Minh City: 2A Ton Duc Thang St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3823 1990
LUFTHANSA
SCANDINAVIAN AIRLINES
Ho Chi Minh City: 132 - 134 Dong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 8529 / 3829 8537 / 3829 8549
Hanoi: Ha Noi Tower, 49 Hai Ba Trung St, 
Tel:
(84 4) 3934 2626 / 3934 2628 / 3934 5571
LAO AIRLINES
MALAYSIAN AIRLINES
Hanoi: 41 Quang Trung St,
Tel:
(84 4) 3822 9951
Ho Chi Minh City: 181 Hai Ba Trung St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3822 6990 / 3827 5236
Hanoi: 15 Ngo Quyen St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3826 8820 / 3826 8819 / 3886 5539
Ho Chi Minh City: 235 Đong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 2529 / 3324 2884 / 3824 2885
PHILIPPINE AIRLINES
SIEM REAP AIRLINES
Ho Chi Minh City: 229 Dong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3827 2105 / 3822 2241
Ho Chi Minh City: 132 - 134 Dong Khoi St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3823 9287 / 3823 9288 / 3823 9289 / 3823 9290
PACIFIC AIRLINES
QANTAS AIRWAYS
Hanoi: 36 Đien Bien Phu St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3733 2159 / 3734 0764
Ho Chi Minh City: 112 Hong Ha St, Tan Binh District,
Tel:
(84 8) 3845 0092
Hà Nội: 25 Ly Thuong Kiet St,
Tel:
(84 4) 3934 7238
Ho Chi Minh City: 170 - 172 Nam Ky Khoi Nghia St
Tel:
(84 8) 3930 2939
SINGAPORE AIRLINES
THAI AIRWAYS INTERNATIONAL
Hanoi: International Centrel, 17 Ngo Quyen St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3826 8888 / 3826 8911 / 3826 8803
Ho Chi Minh City: SQ Saigon Tower, 29 Le Duan St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3823 1588
Hanoi: 44B Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3826 7921, (84 4) 3826 7922
Ho Chi Minh City: 65 Nguyen Du St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 2809 / 3822 3365 / 3829 2810 / 3822 3465
SWISS AIR
UNITED AIRLINES
Ho Chi Minh City: 1A Me Linh Works, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3824 4000 / 3827 4188
Ho Chi Minh City: 58 Đong Khoi St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3823 4755

 


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International Airline Offices in Vietnam


VIETNAM AIRLINES    
Hanoi: 25 Trang Thi St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel: 
(84 4) 3832 0320; Fax: (84 4) 6270 0244
  Ho Chi Minh City: 116 Nguyen Hue St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3832 0320; Fax: (84 8) 3848 6945.
     
AMERICAN AIRLINES
AEROFLOT
Hanoi: 99 Ba Trieu St., Hai Ba Trung District,
Tel: (84-4) 3933 0330; Fax: (84-4) 3733 3337
Ho Chi Minh City: 69 Ba huyen Thanh Quan St., Dist.3,
Tel: (84 8) 3933 0330; Fax: (84-8) 3933 0633
  Hanoi: Daewoo Hotel, 360 Kim Ma St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3771 8742 / 3771 8718 / 3771 8522 / 3771 8742; Fax: (84 4) 3771 8512
Ho Chi Minh City: 4G Le Loi St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 3489; Fax: (84 8) 3829 0076
     
AIR FRANCE
ALL NIPPON AIRWAYS
Hanoi: 01 Ba Trieu, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3825 3484
Ho Chi Minh City: 130 Dong Khoi, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 0981 
  Hanoi: 25 Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3934 7239
Ho Chi Minh City: 115 Nguyen Hue St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3821 9612
     
ASIANA AIRLINES
LAUDA AIRLINES
Hanoi: Daewoo hotel, 360 Kim Ma St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3771 4094
Ho Chi Minh City: 34 Le Duan St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3822 2710; Fax: (84 8) 3829 3038
  Ho Chi Minh City: 09 Dong Khoi St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 38297 117
     
BRITISH AIRWAYS
CATHAY PACIFIC
Hanoi: 25 Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
 (84 4) 3934 7239
Ho Chi Minh City:
170-172 Nam Ky Khoi Nghia St,
Tel:
(84 8) 3930 2933
  Hanoi: 49 Hai Ba Trung St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel: (84 4) 3826 7298
Ho Chi Minh City: 58 Dong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3822 3203 / 3822 2679 / 3825 8276
     
CHINA AIRLINES
CHINA SOUTHERN AIRLINES
Hanoi: 18 Tran Hung Dao St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3824 2688 / 3933 0165 / 3933 2688
Ho Chi Minh City: 132-134 Dong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3825 1388
  Hanoi: 360 Kim Ma St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3771 6611; (84 4) 3771 6616
Ho Chi Minh City: 21-23 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3824 6470
     
CZECH AIRLINES
CAMBODIA AIRLINES
Hanoi: 329 Giang Vo St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel: (84 4) 3514 1852
  Ho Chi Minh City: 343 Le Van Sy St, Tan Binh District,
Tel:
(84 8) 3844 0126
     
JAPAN AIRLINES
KOREAN AIRLINES
Hanoi: 63 Ly Thai To St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3826 6693
Ho Chi Minh City: 49 Truong Son St, Tan Binh District,
Tel:
(84 8) 3848 5146 / 3848 5140
  Hanoi: 25 Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3934 7247 / 48
Ho Chi Minh City: 34 Le Duan St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3824 2877 / 3824 2878 / 3824 2879
     
EVA AIRWAYS
KLM ROYAL DUTCH AIRLINES
Ho Chi Minh City: 32 Ngo Duc Ke St,
Tel:
(84 8) 3822 4488 / 3822 4482 / 3822 4483 / 3822 4484
  Ho Chi Minh City: 2A Ton Duc Thang St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3823 1990
     
LUFTHANSA
SCANDINAVIAN AIRLINES
Ho Chi Minh City: 132 - 134 Dong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 8529 / 3829 8537 / 3829 8549
  Hanoi: Ha Noi Tower, 49 Hai Ba Trung St, 
Tel:
(84 4) 3934 2626 / 3934 2628 / 3934 5571
     
LAO AIRLINES
MALAYSIAN AIRLINES
Hanoi: 41 Quang Trung St,
Tel:
(84 4) 3822 9951
Ho Chi Minh City: 181 Hai Ba Trung St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3822 6990 / 3827 5236
  Hanoi: 15 Ngo Quyen St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3826 8820 / 3826 8819 / 3886 5539
Ho Chi Minh City: 235 Đong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 2529 / 3324 2884 / 3824 2885
     
PHILIPPINE AIRLINES
SIEM REAP AIRLINES
Ho Chi Minh City: 229 Dong Khoi St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3827 2105 / 3822 2241
  Ho Chi Minh City: 132 - 134 Dong Khoi St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3823 9287 / 3823 9288 / 3823 9289 / 3823 9290
     
PACIFIC AIRLINES
QANTAS AIRWAYS
Hanoi: 36 Đien Bien Phu St, Ba Dinh District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3733 2159 / 3734 0764
Ho Chi Minh City: 112 Hong Ha St, Tan Binh District,
Tel:
(84 8) 3845 0092
  Hà Nội: 25 Ly Thuong Kiet St,
Tel:
(84 4) 3934 7238
Ho Chi Minh City: 170 - 172 Nam Ky Khoi Nghia St
Tel:
(84 8) 3930 2939
     
SINGAPORE AIRLINES
THAI AIRWAYS INTERNATIONAL
Hanoi: International Centrel, 17 Ngo Quyen St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3826 8888 / 3826 8911 / 3826 8803
Ho Chi Minh City: SQ Saigon Tower, 29 Le Duan St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3823 1588
  Hanoi: 44B Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District,
Tel:
(84 4) 3826 7921, (84 4) 3826 7922
Ho Chi Minh City: 65 Nguyen Du St, District 1,
Tel:
(84 8) 3829 2809 / 3822 3365 / 3829 2810 / 3822 3465
     
SWISS AIR
UNITED AIRLINES
Ho Chi Minh City: 1A Me Linh Works, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3824 4000 / 3827 4188
  Ho Chi Minh City: 58 Đong Khoi St, District 1
Tel:
(84 8) 3823 4755


 
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VIETNAM’S INTERNATIONAL BORDER GATES


This is a complete list to date of Vietnam's international entry/exit 18 border gates by land, waterways or train plus three international airports in Vietnam including Hanoi's Noi Bai airport, Danang's Danang airport and Ho Chi Minh City's Tan Son Nhat airport.


TO CHINA

•  Lao Cai Border Gate in Lao Cai Province
Lao Cai Border Gate is in the north of Lao Cai City. From Lao Cai City, across Ho Kieu Bridge which links Lao Cai Province (Vietnam) with Yunnan Province (China) - to China.

•  Mong Cai Border Gate in Quang Ninh Province
Mong Cai Border Gate is in the northeast of Quang Ninh Province, 176km from Halong City, 327km from Hanoi. From Halong City, along the highway 18 to Mong Cai Town, and then across the Mong Cai Border Gate to China.

•  Huu Nghi Border Gate in Lang Son Province
Huu Nghi Border Gate is 17km from Lang Son City to the north, 171km from Hanoi to the northeast.

•  Dong Dang Border Gate in Lang Son Province
The international train route from Hanoi to Dong Dang Station in Lang Son, where customs and immigration procedures are completed to go to China.


TO LAOS

•  Na Meo Border Gate in Thanh Hoa Province
From Vinh Loc in Thanh Hoa Province, along highway 217, across Na Meo Border Gate (Na Meo Commune, Quan Son highland district, Thanh Hoa Province) to Laos.

•  Nam Can Border Gate in Nghe An Province
From Dien Chau in Nghe An Province, along highway 7, across Nam Can Border Gate in Nam Can Commune, Ky Son District, Nghe An Province) to Laos.

•  Keo Nua Border Gate in Ha Tinh Province
Keo Nua (Cau Treo) Border Gate is at the foot of Keo Nua Pass. Buses from Hanoi to Hong Linh Town (Ha Tinh Province), then along highway 8, direct to Vientiane (Laos) by across Keo Nua Border Gate.

•  Lao Bao Border Gate in Quang Tri Province
Buses from Hue City (Thua Thien - Hue Province) to Dong Ha (Quang Tri Province), along highway 9, across Lao Bao Border Gate, direct to Savannakhet (Laos).

•  Cha Lo Border Gate in Quang Binh Province
From Hanoi to Ba Don (Quang Binh Province) along highway 1A. From Ba Don, along highway 12A, across Cha Lo Border Gate in Dan Hoa Commune, Minh Hoa District, Quang Binh Province to Laos.

•  Po Y Border Gate in Kon Tum Province
From Plei Kan Townlet (Ngoc Hoi District) along highway 40 about 20km, across Po Y Border Gate to Attapeu, Laos.

•  Tay Trang Border Gate in Dien Bien Province
From Dien Bien Phu City along highway 279 about 31km, across Tay Trang Border Gate to Phong Xa Ly District, Laos.


TO CAMBODIA

•  Le Thanh Border Gate in Gia Lai Province
Le Thanh Border Gate is located in Duc Co District, 75km from Pleiku City. From Pleiku City along the highway 14, turn to highway 19, pass Chu Ty Townlet, across Le Thanh Border Gate to An Dong Thech (Ratanakiri, Cambodia).

•  Moc Bai Border Gate in Tay Ninh Province
Moc Bai Border Gate is located about 70km northwest of Ho Chi Minh City. There are direct buses from Ho Chi Minh City to Go Dau Townlet in Tay Ninh Province, along the highway 22A, across Moc Bai Border Gate to Cambodia.

•  Sa Mat Border Gate in Tay Ninh Province
Sa Mat Border Gate is located in Tan Lap Commune, Tan Bien District, Tay Ninh Province. From Go Dau Townlet in Tay Ninh Province, along the highway 22B, across Sa Mat Border Gate to Cambodia.

•  Dinh Ba Border Gate in Dong Thap Province
Dinh Ba Border Gate is located in Tan Hong District, 107km from Cao Lanh City. From Cao Lanh City along the highway 30 to Hong Ngu Townlet, across Sa Rai Townlet, Dinh Ba Border Gate to Bontia Chak Cray (Prey Veng, Cambodia).

•  Tinh Bien Border Gate in An Giang Province
Tinh Bien Border Gate is 25km southwest of Chau Doc Town, An Giang Province. From Long Xuyen City in An Giang Province, along the highway 91, across Tinh Bien Border Gate to Cambodia.

•  Xa Xia Border Gate in Kien Giang Province
Located 70km from Ha Tien Town, Xa Xia Border Gate connects Kampot, Cambodia.

•  Vinh Xuong Border Gate in An Giang Province
Vinh Xuong Waterway Border Gate is 30km north of Chau Doc Town, An Giang Province. It takes 40 minutes on the Tien River from the wharf at Victoria Chau Doc Hotel to Vinh Xuong Border Gate by motor-boat, then complete customs and immigration procedure to go to Phnom Penh.

 

 
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